Furniture refers to movable object intended to support different human activities including seating (e.g, chairs, tables, and couches), eating (e.g, beds), and resting (e.g, chairs). Furniture is a very important part of homes. It not only adds beauty but also serves a functional purpose.
Historically, furniture has been a major source of investment, pleasure, and status. The furniture available at the time was either handmade or crafted from costly raw material. In most cases, the materials used for making the furniture were hardwoods such as oak, walnut, cherry etc. to make it durable, beautiful, and long lasting. For the affluent class in different countries, they usually had their own exclusive category of furniture called ‘monogram furniture’ or ‘dietary furniture’.
At the time of the great pyramids of ancient Egypt, architectural experts had constructed the Great Pyramids of Giza ten thousand years ago in order to build the greatest building in the world. In those times, there was no such thing as modern furniture making. Only ‘wood furniture’ was available and this was handmade from oak trees that had been chosen for their unique shape and grain.
Ancient Romans used wood and tin to make various things including utensils, dishes, racks and drawers, and even weapons. Bronze Age people made use of woods and metals to build buildings, farms, fortifications, bridges, baths, and even underground water pipes. By the third century AD, Roman furniture was beginning to differ a little bit from the classic style of Greek and Asian furniture by incorporating more metal and glass items.
With the development of the textile industry and the discovery of America, new kinds of wood began to be used for furniture. At that time, people were not able to produce large wooden chests, as well as large wooden dining tables and desks, because the trees for these types of timber were not that common. The discovery of America changed the way that furniture was made drastically, and within just a few short years, there were large and extremely functional chests, drawers, desks, and tables that were being produced on an industrial scale.
Today, a lot of furniture is produced using machinery, which makes it much easier to produce all kinds of furniture. Before the advent of machinery, it used to be necessary to work out by hand and draw tables, desks, and even chairs. If you look back at the impressive furniture of Europe before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, you will see that the furniture makers of those times were able to craft very elegant and functional pieces of furniture using simple raw materials. In fact, the very first table that ever was used in Europe (a small table with four legs) was crafted out of birch wood. Birch wood wasn’t even a tree in those days!
The most impressive pre-Revolutionary era furniture that America has to produce so far is Byzantine furniture. Byzantine furniture is extremely ornate, extremely colorful, and yet surprisingly comfortable as well. One of the best examples of Byzantine furniture is the so called “coverture” or “dior messant” that is often found in the courts of Europe. A Byzantine chair can have four legs, but also has two doors on each side – one of which is a window. Another example is the so called “sultan’s chair”, which has a simple and very intricate design that has four legs and a canopy that open up in the back (much like a tent), which is then covered with a velvet or silk duvet.
The most common type of wood used in the making of furniture in America is walnut. There are two main types of walnut wood, which are redwood and whitewood. Redwood is the more expensive of the two woods, and it was primarily used for the making of walnut kitchen furniture. Whitewood, which is basically brownish walnut, is cheaper than the redwood and is mainly used for medium sized pieces such as desks and small tables. Of course, the main attraction when it comes to walnut furniture is its elegant, deep color, which is uncommon in most other types of wood.